The Tang Dynasty & the Abbasid Caliphate
Here you will discover the story of the Tang Shipwreck, a tale of 9th-century Asia and the connections between two major powers from the East and West – the Tang Dynasty and Abbasid Empire.
The Tang dynasty (618–906) was one of the most powerful and prosperous kingdoms in the world. It represents a high point in Chinese arts and culture.
Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258)
The Abbasid Caliphate was the major power in the Middle East for much of it's reign. During this time, Baghdad and Samarra (both in modern-day Iraq) were the cultural centres of the Islamic World. Basra, on the Persian Gulf, was the main port. The Abbasids ruled lands from northern Africa to as far East as Pakistan, and during their time, science, medicine, philosophy, and education flourished.
What's a Caliphate?
Just like an empire is lead by an emperor, a caliphate is headed by a caliph. Caliph was a title given to the chief Muslim ruler.